Problems with the bones, joints, muscles, or ligaments can affect walking. Conditions such as arthritis, fractures, sprains, strains, or muscle weakness can lead to difficulty in walking.
Diseases or injuries affecting the nervous system can cause trouble with walking. Examples include stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, peripheral neuropathy, or spinal cord injuries.
Problems with balance and coordination can result in difficulty walking. This can be caused by conditions like vestibular disorders, inner ear problems, or cerebellar dysfunction.
Persistent pain in the lower extremities or back can hinder walking and mobility. Chronic conditions like osteoarthritis, sciatica, or fibromyalgia can contribute to walking difficulties.
Heart problems or circulatory disorders can limit physical exertion and cause shortness of breath or fatigue while walking.
Certain systemic conditions, such as diabetes, peripheral artery disease, or autoimmune disorders, can impact walking due to their effects on various body systems.
Some medications can cause dizziness, weakness, or muscle stiffness, which can affect walking ability.